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Aperture is the opening, known as an iris, that controls how much light passes through the lens and enters the camera. The diameter of the aperture, also known as the F-stop, affects the exposure and depth of field.

Aspect Ratio

Aspect ratio defines the relationship between an image’s width and height. It is predetermined by the dimensions of the camera’s sensor but can be altered in post processing. Common aspect ratios are 3:2, for full-frame, mirrorless, and 35mm film, and 4:(3, for most DSLR cameras. 4:5 has gained is gaining popularity due to Instagram’s vertical cropping.

Blue Hour 

Blue hour is the period of time before sunrise or after sunset when the sun is just below the horizon. Indirect sunlight is evenly diffused, takes on a blue hue, and can make everything look amazing. The duration of blue hour depends on the location, but generally lasts less than an hour.

Bokeh \ ˈbō-kā

Bokeh is an optical phenomenon that makes out-of-focus elements aesthetically pleasing. Using a “fast lens” at its wider apertures turns a busy background into a blurred, pleasing, non-distracting canvas with soft shapes of light and color. The form of these shapes is determined by the number of iris blades. The higher the number, the more circular these soft shapes will appear.

Cull \ kuhl

Culling is the process where photographers select the best images out of their photo session to be edited and delivered to the client. Culled images may include when a flash didn't fire, when someone stepped in front of the camera, everyone has their eyes closed, etc. etc... hey, sometimes things happen. 


Editing includes corrections to exposure and color temperature, cropping to straighten or tweak the composition, and a photographer's own ‘signature’ touches to the images.  Editing a photo can take as little as a few seconds or a few minutes, depending on the desired effect. It may not seem like a lot of time, but when spread out over tens or hundreds wedding photos, it can mean hours of work.  These are not the final edits, but prepares the images to a nice clean base for review and final image selections.


  • Basic retouching picks up where editing leaves off. Basic retouching may mean spending a few minutes to remove light acne, specks of lint, or shed hair from dark clothing.

  • Extensive retouching is when it's time to remove extensive skin blemishes or borrow junior's and the dog's head from two images and edit them into a third image in order to have one family portrait where everyone looks pleasant and is looking and the camera.

CHECK BACK often as I still have to get to the end of the glossary!

Located in The Mall at Sierra Vista

2200 El Mercado Loop, Sierra vista, AZ 85635

(520) 249-2581

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